The passage that you cited, Exodus 12, is describing the first Passover. My understanding of this NEW beginning of months is what the symbolism meant to the EGYPTIANS and the exiting HEBREWS. It was them whom the Hebrews had lived with, been enslaved by and acclimatized to for 430 years. Except for a few, the Hebrew would not have had a clue what calendar their ancestors followed 430 years earlier, no more than we would understand the calendar of another culture, especially one 430 years ago.
The new beginning and Passover were also a declaration of separation from the Egyptians. There YEAR (360 and 365 days) was based on the SOTHIC cycle. The beginning of the Egyptian year revolved around the heliacal (morning) rising of the Dog Star which is Sirius. The star Sirius appeared first in the summer, hence the origin of our term ‘dog days of summer’. To move the ‘beginning of months’ from July to the spring equinox did a few things to separate the Hebrews from the Egyptians: First – the slaughter of the sheep and painting the blood over the doorposts, while symbolic of Christ’s atoning blood covering for our sin, would have been highly offensive to the Egyptians who worshipped the animal; the sheep ram god named Ba (seriously). It was their god of FERTILITY. If you couple that with the real fact that all who did NOT paint the doorposts in Egypt LOST their firstborn sons, then the judgment by God against Pharaoh and his (God’s) people’s worship of such for FERTILITY would have been a particularly acute severance; Secondly - at least through the time of Christ, the Hebrew celebrated the event just after the *spring equinox with the sun in ARIES (a representation of BA in the heavens). [*Because of apparent precession, the equinox is now in Pisces.] So in effect from the Egyptian standpoint the Hebrew slaughtered their god of fertility and celebrated the death of fertility IN THE SPRING. It also moved the beginning of months BEFORE the Egyptian’s.
Genesis 46:34 says that the Egyptians considered the Hebrew shepherds an abomination, before the Exodus. While we could not be sure, it most likely was due to the Hebrew treatment of livestock as lower forms and not deities as did the Egyptians.
The captive Hebrew would have been aware and also immersed in the Egyptian affinities for animal worship. They had to be weaned from it, hence the 45 year wandering in the desert. It seems that many knew the Egyptian cults all too well. Later on, in the desert the rebellious Hebrews fabricated a ‘golden calf’, the Apis bull also related to Ba and Ra, turning back to the idolatry of the Egyptians.
The Hebrew 1st month Nisanu has its origin in Mesopotamia (not Egypt), more specifically Sumerian and later Babylonian. It means the ‘month of the Sanctuary’ which is the SPRING equinox. Tishrei is the first month of the second half-year and the beginning of each new epoch or civil year count. Nisan and Tishrei are the beginnings of each half lunar year (6 months). The first month as being in Nisan predated the Exodus by millennia or more. The person who penned the account of Noah in Genesis was most likely MOSES, who would have identified the ‘2nd month’ as being just after the first Nisan. Otherwise he would have been making contradictory statements.
While the Book of Jubilees may not be in the KJV, consider this account:
- And He gave to Noah and his sons a sign that there should not again be a flood on the earth.
- He set His bow in the cloud for a sign of the eternal covenant that there should not again be a flood on the earth to destroy it all the days of the earth.
- For this reason it is ordained and written on the heavenly tablets, that they should celebrate the feast of weeks in this month once a year, to renew the covenant every year.
- And this whole festival was celebrated in heaven from the day of creation till the days of Noah -twenty-six jubilees and five weeks of years [1309-1659 A.M.]: and Noah and his sons observed it for seven jubilees and one week of years, till the day of Noah's death, and from the day of Noah's death his sons did away with (it) until the days of Abraham, and they eat blood.
- But Abraham observed it, and Isaac and Jacob and his children observed it up to thy days, and in thy days the children of Israel forgot it until ye celebrated it anew on this mountain.
- And do thou command the children of Israel to observe this festival in all their generations for a commandment unto them: one day in the year in this month they shall celebrate the festival.
- For it is the feast of weeks and the feast of first fruits: this feast is twofold and of a double nature: according to what is written and engraven concerning it, celebrate it.
- For I have written in the book of the first law, in that which I have written for thee, that thou shouldst celebrate it in its season, one day in the year, and I explained to thee its sacrifices that the children of Israel should remember and should celebrate it throughout their generations in this month, one day in every year.
Why would Noah celebrate the rainbow covenant in the spring (during feast of weeks, first fruits) if the flood waters were dried in the fall?
Kevin H.P.S. Isn’t it interesting that Jub. 6:18 describes 1335 years before the flood?