Hi John and Doves,
Daniel 8:9 And out of one of them came forth a little horn, which waxed exceeding great, toward the south, and toward the east, and toward the pleasant land.
Here's the explanation of little horn's movement. To understand this better, please refer to my post "The rise and fall of Anti Christ" regarding AC's movement during tribulation.
"toward the south"
Little horn comes from Rome ( Daniel 9:26, the prince to come). He is also the king of the north in Daniel 11:25-27. He shall battle with the king of the south who is Saudi per Daniel 11:25-26. This is what "toward the south" means. Saudi is situated to the south of Rome.
"toward the east"
After he battles with king of the south Saudi, he shall return to Rome. But eventually he shall move to his own land Babel situated in Iraq, sets there as his own base (Zechariah 5:5-11). This is what "toward the east" means.( Daniel 11:28). Iraq is to the east of Rome.
"toward the pleasant land"
This tragedy shall happen in the middle of tribulation. The pleasant land is Jerusalem. He shall break the covenant, and lays siege against Jerusalem. This is the beginning of Jacob's trouble. This is what "toward the pleasant land" means.