Jimmy Lishman (6 Jan 2011)
"Determining a year (or 7 years)"


Reading all the arguments as to what constitutes a year or 7 years as per the 70 weeks of Daniel (of which the last seven still has to play out:

What timespan did the breakdown in Daniel of the 70 weeks prophecy fulfil? The 490 years protion was fulfilled TO THE DAY when the Messiah was cut off. Taking this timespan into consideration – it stands to LOGICAL reasoning that any other period of the Seventy weeks of years MUST be calculated on the SAME basis. Don’t confuse the facts.

I have hereby also attached the portion of the Seventy weeks prophecy for anyone to examine. Thius ought to clear the air!


There was no evening sacrifice being offered in Jerusalem, but Daniel was offering himself and his prayers at the time of the evening offering (see Psa_141:1-2), and the Angel Gabriel came to give him his answer. Daniel was concerned about Jerusalem and the holy mountain (Dan_9:20). Would the city be restored? Would the temple be rebuilt? Would the nation ever be redeemed from sin and would righteousness ever dwell on the earth? Gabriel had all the answers for Daniel, and we find them in the famous prophecy of the “seventy weeks.”

The number seven has been stamped on Israel from the beginning. They had a Sabbath of days (Exo_23:12), setting apart the seventh day for honoring God. They also had a sabbath of years (Lev_25:1-7); they were to let the land lie fallow on the seventh year and give it rest. Because they broke this law, the Israelites went into captivity, one year for each sabbatical year they failed to obey God (2Ch_36:21; Lev_26:33-34). They also had a “sabbath of sabbaths,” with every fiftieth year set apart as the Year of Jubilee (Lev_25:8-17). But now Daniel was to be introduced to a new series of Sabbaths — seventy “weeks” (seven-year periods), making a total of 490 years of prophetic time for the Jews. (The word “weeks” in Dan_9:24 is actually “sevens” — seventy sevens are determined, making 490 years.) Please note that this 490-year period of time has to do with Jerusalem and the Jews: “your people . . . your holy city . . . ” (Dan_9:24 4, NKJV). And God has specific purposes to fulfill in this period: the removing of sin and the bringing in of righteousness. The result will be the anointing of the most holy place in the temple, that is, the return of Jesus Christ to the earth to reign in glory from His temple in Jerusalem.

Now for the outline of the 490 years. Dan_9:25 tells us that the event that will trigger the 490 years is a decree (see Neh_2:5) permitting the Jews to go back to Jerusalem and rebuild the city. (It is interesting that the event that will trigger the last seven years of this period will be the covenant of the Antichrist to protect the Jews. We find a decree at the beginning and at the end of the 490 years.) History tells us there were four different decrees relating to Jerusalem: Cyrus, Darius, and Artaxerxes all made decrees concerning the rebuilding of the temple (Ezr_1:1-11, Ezr_6:1-22, and Ezr_7:1-28); and Artaxerxes decreed that Nehemiah could return to rebuild the walls (Neh_2:1-20). This was in 445 B.C., and it is the decree Dan_9:25 is talking about; it took place nearly 100 years after Daniel received the message from God. Gabriel said that there would be a total of sixty-nine weeks, seven and sixty-two, between the giving of the decree and the arrival of Messiah, the Prince, in Jerusalem (69 x 7 = 483 years). Keep in mind that “prophetic years” in the Bible are not 365 days, but 360 days long. It has been calculated by scholars that there were 483 prophetic years between the decree in 445 B.C. and the day that Jesus rode into Jerusalem on Palm Sunday (cf. The Coming Prince by Sir Robert Anderson, Kregel, 1967).

But Gabriel divided these 483 years into two parts — seven weeks (7 x 7 = 49 years), and sixty-two weeks (62 x 7 = 434 years). Why? Well, it took forty-nine years to rebuild Jerusalem, and this was done (as Gabriel said) “in troublesome times.” Read Nehemiah and see how difficult a task it was to restore the city. Then, 434 years later we come to Messiah, the Prince, who is “cut off” (His death on the cross) for the sins of the world. It was His death on the cross that accomplished the purposes given in Dan_9:24. What followed His death? Did Israel accept Him and His message? No. They lied about Him, persecuted His messengers, stoned Stephen, and refused to acknowledge His kingship. What happened? Rome came and destroyed the city and wrecked the temple. The nation “cut off” Jesus Christ, so He cut them off from being a nation. Until May 14, 1948, Israel was not a free nation.



Rightly dividing the Word