There is some disagreement
the exact wording of the quotation and when it was created;
content of the quotation may have been presented differently
Niemöller on different occasions.
Martin Niemöller was a German pastor and
theologian born in
Lippstadt, Germany, in 1892. Niemöller was an
supported Hitler's rise to power at first. But when
on the supremacy of the state over religion,
disillusioned. He became the leader of a group of German
opposed to Hitler. Unlike Niemöller, they gave in
to the Nazis'
threats. In 1937 he was arrested and eventually confined
"not being enthusiastic enough about the Nazi movement."
Niemöller was released in 1945 by the Allies. He
career in Germany as a clergyman and as a leading voice of
reconciliation for the German people after World War II.
His statement, sometimes presented as a poem, is well-known,
frequently quoted, and is a popular model for describing the
apathy, as it often
specific and targeted fear and hatred which soon escalates
anything that's going on now in America to the above?