Yesterday someone posted that the 4 letters
of the Divine Name could be vowels. They are definitely used as
consonants, not vowels. YHWH comes from the root word HWH (to be) by
adding a YUD prefix. So in each case, it is a consonant, and vowels are
added to it.
Even when Yud, Hey and VAV are used where long vowels go,
they represent the CONSONANT PART of long vowels. A long "eey" or "ay"
typically has a "y" sound at the end of the vowel. A long "o" or "oo" has
a long "w" sound at the end of it. The HEY represents breath - the ability
to hear an "h" sound come out.
It's a Hebrew name, and it needs to be
understood through a Hebrew lense. One can't examine how it was
transliterated into Greek and know how the Name is pronounced. That's
simply the wrong way to try and figure it out. There's no way to write a
Hebrew "YUD" in Greek. Greeks substituted a "IOTA", but the "I" vowel is
not the same as the "Y" consonant. Greek has no way of representing a word
where a vowel ends in a HEY ("H") sound. And Greek lacks a way to write a
"W" sound. OK....the Hebrew Divine Name has 3 letters, all of which are
either problematic or impossible to write in Greek......so why do some people
consult Greek writings to figure out how to say a Hebrew Name? Rather
Worse yet, the vowels
are even harder. If you see an alpha in Greek, that could be a patach or a
patach hataph or a qamats in Hebrew, none of which are the same
sound. If you see an epsilon in Greek, that could be a shwa, or a
segul, or a tsere in Hebrew. You can only APPROXIMATE these vowels in
Greek, but you miss out on expressing the differences.